ONLINE GUIDANCE PROGRAM MARCH 1 2019

 

SOLUTIONS

 

Q1. With reference to Constitutionalism, which of the following statements is most appropriate?

(a) It is an ideology which promotes supremacy of a written Constitution.

(b) It means Constitution is necessary in a democratic country.

(c) It denotes the principle that the government derives its authority from a body of fundamental law and is limited by it.

(d) It means that Constitution must provide certain inalienable rights to the citizens.

Answer – c

Explanation – Constitutionalism is a concept which means that Government derives its authority from a fundamental body of law and is legally limited in its powers by the same. It doesn’t have any relations to written or unwritten constitution or political system of a country.

Q2. Which of the following functions were performed by the Constituent Assembly?

  1. It passed certain statutes as a legislative assembly
  2. It ratified India’s membership of the Commonwealth
  3. It abolished the office of the Secretary of State of India and transferred his functions to the President of India.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer – b

The Indian Independence Act of 1947 abolished the Office of the Secretary of State of India and transferred his functions to the President of India.

 

Q3. Which of the following is a federal feature of the government?

(a) Written constitution

(b) All India Services

(c) Integrated Judiciary

(d) Single Citizenship

Answer – a

Explanation – All others are features of unitary features of our Constitution.

 

Q4. Match the following pairs –

1. Japanese Constitution (a) election of Rajya Sabha members
2. Irish Constitution (b) Rule of law
3. British Constitution (c) nomination of members to Rajya Sabha
4. South Africa (d) Procedure established by law

 

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1-b ; 2-a ; 3-d ; 4-c

(b) 1-d ; 2-c ; 3-b ; 4-a

(c) 1-a ; 2-b ; 3-c ; 4-d

(d) 1-b ; 2-c ; 3-d ; 4-a

Answer – b

Explanation –

Name of Countries Borrowed Features of the Constitution
         Britain  1. Parliamentary government

2. Rule of Law

3. Legislative procedure

4. Single citizenship

5. Cabinet system

6. Prerogative writs

7. Parliamentary privileges

8. Bicameralism

         Ireland

 

 1. Directive Principles of State Policy

2. Method of Election of the president

3. Members nomination to the Rajya Sabha by the President

   Unites States of America  1. Impeachment of the president

2. Functions of president and vice-president

3. Removal of Supreme Court and High court judges

4. Fundamental Rights

5. Judicial review

6. Independence of judiciary

7. Preamble of the constitution

  Canada

 

 1. Centrifugal form of federalism where the centre is stronger than the states.

2. Residuary powers vest with the centre

3. Centre appoints the Governors at the states

4. Advisory jurisdiction of the supreme court

  Australia

 

 1. Concept of Concurrent list

2. Article 108 i.e. Joint sitting of the two houses

3. Freedom of trade and commerce

  USSR (Now Russia)

 

 1. Fundamental duties

2. The ideals of justice (social, economic and political), expressed in the Preamble.

  France

 

 1. Concept of  “Republic”

2. Ideals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity(contained in the Preamble)

  Germany

 

 1. Fundamental Rights are suspended during Emergency
  South Africa

 

 1. Election of members of the Rajya Sabha

2. Amendment of the Constitution

  Japan  1. Concept of “procedure established by Law”

 

Q5. With reference to the Government of India Act, 1919, consider the following statements:

  1. It made a provision for classification of the central and provincial subjects.
  2. It divided the central subjects into reserved and transferred.
    Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation –

Provisions of Government of India Act 1919

  1. It relaxed the central control over the provinces by demarcating and separating the central and provincial subjects.
  2. It further divided the provincial subjects into two parts—transferred and reserved. The transferred subjects were to be administered by the governor with the aid of ministers responsible to the legislative Council. The reserved subjects, on the other hand, were to be administered by the governor and his executive council without being responsible to the legislative Council.
  3. This dual scheme of governance was known as ‘dyarchy’—a term derived from the Greek word di-arche which means double rule.
  4. It introduced, for the first time, bicameralism and direct elections in the country. Thus, the Indian Legislative Council was replaced by a bicameral legislature consisting of an Upper House (Council of State) and a Lower House (Legislative Assembly).
  5. It required that the three of the six members of the Viceroy’s executive Council (other than the commander-in-chief) were to be Indian.
  6. It extended the principle of communal representation by providing separate electorates for Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians and Europeans.
  7. granted franchise to a limited number of people on the basis of property, tax or education.
  8. It created a new office of the High Commissioner for India in London and transferred to him some of the functions hitherto performed by the Secretary of State for India.
  9. It provided for the establishment of a public service commission. Hence, a Central Public Service Commission was set up in 1926 for recruiting civil servants
  10. It separated, for the first time, provincial budgets from the Central budget and authorised the provincial legislatures to enact their budgets.
  11. It provided for the appointment of a statutory commission to inquire into and report on its working after ten years of its coming into force.

Q6. At the time of British rule in India, the direct elections were for the first time incorporated under which Law/Act?

  1. Indian Councils Act, 1892
  2. Indian Councils Act, 1909
  3. Government of India Act, 1919
  4. Government of India Act, 1935

Explanation

The first attempt at introducing a representative and popular element was made by Morley Minto Reforms or the Indian Councils Act, 1909. The Act also provided for separate representation of the Muslim community and thus sowed the seeds of separatism.

Source: D.D. Basu – Chapter 1 ‘ Historical Background’

Q7. The federation as prescribed by Government of India Act, 1935 never came into being because

(a) It was optional for the Indian States to join the federation

(b) The administration of State subjects like agriculture, law and order was under Governor-General.

(c) The Muslim League did not support federalism, rather they wanted a strong Centre to safeguard their interest.

(d) None of the above

Explanation –

The federation as prescribed by Government of India Act, 1935 never came into being because it was optional for the Indian States (or the Princely States) to join the federation. And since the rulers of the Indian States never gave their consent, the Federation as envisaged by the Act of 1935 never came into being.

Q8. Which of the following is/are the principal feature(s) of Government of India Act, 1919?

1) Introduced dyarchy at the Centre

2) Separated for the first time, provincial budget from the Central budget.

3) Introduced separate representation for the Muslim community and sowed the seeds of separatism.

4) Introduced provincial autonomy

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 2 only

(b) 1 and 3

(c) 4 only

(d) 2 and 4

Explanation –

Though Government of India Act, 1919 relaxed the central control over the provinces by demarcating and separating the central and provincial subjects, the structure of government continued to be centralised and unitary. The Act, further divided provincial subjects into two parts—transferred and reserved. The transferred subjects were to be administered by the governor with the aid of ministers responsible to the legislative Council. The reserved subjects, on the other hand, were to be administered by the governor and his executive council without being responsible to the legislative Council. This dual scheme of governance was known as ‘dyarchy’. Separate electorate was introduced by the Morley-Minto Reforms or the Indian Councils Act, 1909

Q9. With reference to the linguistic reorganisation of States, consider the following statements:

  1. Dhar Commission recommended the reorganization of the states mainly on linguistic basis.
  2. JVP Committee accepted language as the basis for reorganization of the states.
  3. Fazal Ali Commission rejected ‘one language one state theory’.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation –

Dhar Commission recommended the reorganisation of the states on the basis of administrative convenience rather than linguistic factor. JVP Committee formally rejected language as the basis for reorganisation of the states. Fazal Ali Commission broadly accepted the language as the basis of reorganisation of the states but rejected the theory of ‘one language one state’.

 

Q10. Which of the following marked the beginning of bicameralism system in India?

(a) Government of India Act, 1858

(b) Government of India Act, 1935

(c) Morley Minto Reforms

(d) Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms

Montagu Chelmsford reforms or the Government of India Act of 1919 introduced bicameralism for the first time.

Q11. Which of the following restricts the supremacy of the Indian Parliament?

  1. Written Nature of Constitution
  2. Federal System of Government
  3. System of Judicial Review
  4. Directive principle of state policy
  5. Fundamental rights

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 1, 2, 3 and 5 only

(d) 2, 3, 4 and 5 only

 

Q12. With reference to Government of India Act, 1935 consider the following statements:

  1. It provided for the establishment of an All-India Federation.
  2. It provided for the establishment of Reserve Bank of India.
  3. It abolished Dyarchy in the provinces but provided for the adoption of Dyarchy at the Centre.
  4. It provided for the establishment of a Federal court.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2, 3 and 4 only

(c) 1, 2 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only

All the statements are correct

 

Q13. The First Law Commission was established under which of the following?

(a) Charter act of 1833

(b) Government of India Act, 1858

(c) Indian Council Act, 1861

(d) Charter Act of 1853

The first Law Commission was established in 1834 under the Charter Act of 1833. This Committee recommended codification of the Penal Code, The Criminal Procedure Code and a few other matters.

 

Q14. With reference to Pitt’s Act of 1784, consider the following statements:

  1. It laid down the foundations of Central administration in India.
  2. It made the Governor General of Bengal as the Governor General of India.
  3. It gave the British Government supreme control over the Company’s affairs and administration in India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 3 only

(d) None

Features of the Act

  1. It distinguished between the commercial and political functions of the Company.
  2. It allowed the Court of Directors to manage the commercial affairs but created a new body called Board of Control to manage the political affairs. Thus, it established a system of double government.
  3. It empowered the Board of Control to supervise and direct all operations of the civil and military government or revenues of the British possessions in India.

Q15. Consider the following statement and select which of the following is/are correct –

  1. The Joint Committee on the office of profit comprises of members from Lok Sabha only.
  2. It recommends what offices should or should not disqualify a person for being, a member of either House of Parliament.

Choose the answer using the codes below:

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. 1 and 2 both
  4. None

Explanation –

The Joint Committee of the office of profit comprises of member of both houses of Parliament.

Q16. Consider the following were the decision taken at the Lahore session of 1929 –

  1. The Round Table Conference to be boycotted
  2. Complete independence to be the main aim of INC.
  3. January 26 1930 fixed as Republic day.

Choose the correct answer using the codes below –

  1. 1 and 2 Only
  2. 2 and 3 Only
  3. 1 and 3 Only
  4. 2 Only

Explanation – January 26 was fixed as independence Day.

Q17. Consider the following statements regarding Model Code of Conduct are incorrect –

  1. These are guidelines issued by the President of India for conduct of Politicians and Political Parties during elections.
  2. It comes into force immediately on announcement of the election schedule by the commission.

Choose the correct answer using the codes below –

  1. 1 Only
  2. 2 Only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. None

Explanation –

These are the guidelines issued by the Election Commission for the Conduct of the Politicians and Political Parties.

Q 18. Consider the following statements regarding 10thSchedule of the Constitution of India –

  1. It provisions relating to disqualification of the members of Parliament and State Legislatures on the ground of defection.
  2. This schedule was added by the 42nd Amendment Act of 1985.

Choose the correct statements using the codes below –

  1. 1 Only
  2. 2 Only
  3. 1 and 2 Both
  4. None

Explanation –

The 10thSchedule was added by the 52ndAmendment Act of 1985.

Q 19. Consider the following statements about Council for Trade Development and Promotion –

  1. The Council for Trade Development and Promotion was constituted in pursuance of the provisions of Foreign Trade Policy statement 2015- 2020.
  2. It will ensure a continuous dialogue with the governments of states and Union Territories on measures for providing an international trade enabling environment in the states.

Choose the correct statements using the codes below –

  1. 1 Only
  2. 2 Only
  3. 1 and 2 Both
  4. None

Q 20. Consider the following statements about Accessible India Campaign –

  1. It has been launched by the Ministry of Transport in National Capital Region.
  2. It aims to create a barrier free and conducive environment for Divyangjans.
  3. Accessible India Campaign is in line with the Article 9 of UNCRPD (UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities).

Choose the correct statements using the codes below –

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2, 3

Explanation – The scheme has been launched by Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD) under the ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

Q 21 Consider the following statements about AMRIT scheme –

  1. The Scheme is being implemented by Union Health Ministry.
  2. The primary aim is to make all drugs available at affordable and accessible only.

Choose the correct statements using the codes below –

  1. 1 Only
  2. 2 Only
  3. 1 and 2 Both
  4. None

Explanation –

About the Affordable Medicines and Reliable Implants for Treatment (AMRIT) scheme:

The flagship programme of the Union Health ministry – AMRIT (Affordable Medicines and Reliable Implants for Treatment) aims to provide affordable life-saving cancer, cardiac drugs and medical disposables. The AMRIT pharmacies offer an average discount of 63% on medicines.

The AMRIT programme was launched in November 2015 and is being implemented through mini-ratna PSU HLL Lifecare Ltd (HLL) which has been setting up pharmacies at major hospitals across the country to dispense the medicines.

The primary goal of AMRIT is to make available and accessible, at very affordable rates, all drugs, implants, surgical disposables that are not dispensed free of cost by the hospitals.

Q 22.Consider the following statements about Rotavirus –

  1. It usually transmitted by the faecal-oral route and infects and damages the cells in the small intestines and causes gastroenteritis.
  2. ROTAVAC Vaccine has been developed for it.
  3. The vaccine has been included in the Universal Immunisation Program.

Choose the correct answer using the codes below –

  1. 1 and 2 Only
  2. 1 and 3 Only
  3. 1, 2, 3
  4. 2 and 3 Only

Explanation –

ROTAVAC Vaccine– It is a low cost vaccine developed by Bharat Biotech Limited under an innovative PPP model involving Ministry of Science and Technology, institutions of the US Government and various NGOs. It has been included in India’s Universal Immunization Program in 2016.

Rotavirus– It is the most common cause of diarrhoea among infants and young children. It usually transmitted by the faecal-oral route and infects and damages the cells in the small intestines and causes gastroenteritis.

Q 23. Which of the following are features of Indian federalism?

  1. Rule of law
  2. Written Constitution
  3. Rigidity of Constitution
  4. Emergency provisions in the Constitution.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation – Features of Federalism are – dual government and division of powers between these two governments, supremacy of the Constitution, written constitution, rigid constitution, independent judiciary and bicameral system.

Q 24. The Preamble of the Indian Constitution serves which of the following purpose?

  1. It indicates authority of the Government is derived from the people.
  2. It lays down the objectives which the Constitution seeks to accomplish.
  3. It helps Judiciary to interpret provisions of the Constitution.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation – The Preamble to the Indian Constitution is based on the ‘Objectives Resolution’, drafted and moved by Pandit Nehru, and adopted by the Constituent Assembly.

“We, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens: JUSTICE, Social, Economic and Political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all; FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation; IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION”.

The Preamble reveals four ingredients or components:

  1. Source of authority of the Constitution: The Preamble states that the Constitution derives its authority from the people of India.
  2. Nature of Indian State: It declares India to be of a sovereign, socialist, secular democratic and republican polity.
  3. Objectives of the Constitution: It specifies justice, liberty, equality and fraternity as the objectives.
  4. Date of adoption of the Constitution: It stipulates November 26, 1949 as the date.

Q 25. With reference to the Preamble as enshrined in the Indian Constitution, consider the following statements:

  1. ‘Equality’ means removing all the differences among the citizens of India.
  2. ‘Secular’ means government will not interfere at all in the matters of religion.
  3. ‘Republic’ means the Head of the State is an indirectly elected person.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) None

Explanation –

Equality means no section of the society enjoy special privileges and are provided adequate opportunities without any discrimination.

Secular – In S. R. Bommai case, the Supreme Court of India held that a secular state does not recognise any religion as the state religion, it treats all the religions equally.

Q 26. With reference to the Preamble as enshrined in the Indian Constitution, consider the following statements:

  1. The Preamble was the first part of the Constitution to be enacted.
  2. The 42nd Constitutional Amendment added three new words – ‘Socialist’, ‘Secular’ and ‘Integrity’ into the Preamble.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation – The Preamble was the last part of the Constitution to be enacted to ensure that it was in conformity with the rest of the Constitution as adopted by the Assembly. The 42ndCAA. Inserted 3 new words to the Preamble – Socialist, Secular and Integrity in the preamble.